- RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan cautioned students on education loans
- Raghuram Rajan was addressing Shiv Nadar University convocation
- He stressed on efforts to make degrees affordable to deserving students
Mr Rajan, who recently drew criticism for terming the Indian economy a "one-eyed king in the land of blind", also said he has no problem with India's growth, but added that it can do better.
"In a free market, all it takes to buy what you want is money. You do not need a pedigree, a great family history, the right table manners, or the right fashionable clothing or looks," he said in his convocation address at the Shiv Nadar University here.
"It is because money has no odour, because it is the great equalizer that so many people across history have been able to acquire resources and invested them to make the world we live in."
Making it easier for the Dalits to start businesses can do more to social status than any reservation, he noted. "Rather than prohibiting the use of money and wealth, let us think about increasing society's tolerance for its use," he suggested.
Lamenting that income inequality within countries is on the rise, he said the need of the hour is providing effective access to school and healthcare, a non-discriminating job market with many jobs and equal opportunities for advancement regardless of gender, race or background.
"Indeed, making it easy for Dalits to start businesses may do more for their social status because money empowers (more) than many other forms of affirmative action," the RBI Governor said.
On the country's GDP, he said, "I have no problem with India's growth. It is doing great. It could do better." India has emerged as the fastest growing large economies in the world with a growth rate of 7.6 per cent in 2015-16. It is projected to expand by 7.5 per cent in the current fiscal year.
Mr Rajan said there is a strong link between the society's support for free markets and the fairness with which wealth and opportunity are distributed among the population.
"Unfortunately, even while inequality between countries is diminishing today, inequality within countries is increasing. Today, even well-run market economies seem to be favouring those who already have plenty," he said.
This, he felt, is because skills and capabilities have become much more important in well-paid jobs, and those born under good circumstances have a much better chance of acquiring the same.
"The winner-take-all nature of many occupations, where a few of the most capable entrepreneurs and the best workers take most of the income, accentuates the value of early childhood preparation and hence, the benefit of being born to the right parents in the right community," he said.
The RBI Governor said income inequality is on the rise, with some having colossal incomes and others worrying about the next meal.
"What can we all do to restore faith in markets? We have to work to provide effective access to schooling and healthcare for all, a non-discriminating job market with many jobs, equal opportunities for further advancement regardless of gender, race or background," he said.
These measures will "increase the perceived legitimacy of wealth and society's willingness to broaden the areas where it is spent", he said.
To students, Mr Rajan's piece of advice was that they should earn by creating perceptible value and, equally, spend to create value. "Not only will your work be more enjoyable, but you will strengthen the economic freedom we sometimes take for granted."
Given the importance of broadening access to all the deserving, Mr Rajan emphasized on the need for affordable academic degrees.
"We also should make sure unscrupulous schools do not prey on uninformed students, leaving them with high debt and useless degrees," he added.