You may have come across a situation when you have been requested to stand as a guarantor for a home, auto or business loan by a relative or a friend. This is because while sanctioning a high value loan, banks often insist on having a family member guarantee the loan for security reasons. While it is okay to guarantee a loan, it is important to understand the implications of the responsibility which you are accepting as a guarantor on this loan. Here is what you must know:
Guarantor is responsible for payment in case of default by the principal borrower
It is important to understand that by pledging as a guarantor on the loan, you are also legally responsible towards the timely repayment of the loan. A guarantor pledges to repay a loan on behalf of a third party who has taken the loan. Hence, he provides a guarantee to the lender, that he will honour the obligation, in case the principal borrower is unable to do so.
1. Guarantor is responsible for the payment in case of untimely demise of the principal borrower: In case of death of the principal borrower, the guarantor on the loan may be approached by the bank for payment of the loan, depending upon the clauses of the loan agreement.
2. The guarantor's CIBIL report reflects the information on the loan: The information on the loan that has been guaranteed appears in the "Accounts" section of the guarantor's CIBIL report. The ownership status of this loan account will be reflected as 'Guarantor'. The guarantor's CIBIL report will also show the month-on-month payment behavior of the principal borrower towards this loan. Any delinquencies and defaults will also get captured and reflected in the Guarantor's CIBIL report.
3. The guarantor's CIBIL TransUnion Score also gets impacted: In case of defaults and delinquencies by the principal borrower, the CIBIL TransUnion Score of the guarantor will also get negatively impacted. Hence, it's imperative that the guarantor on the loan should ensure that the borrower pays the EMIs regularly on the due date, month on month.
- Read and understand the nature of the guarantee. A prospective guarantor must not sign a document that he has not read or sign a document which is in fact a blank form or a partially completed form. You may seek legal advice on the legal implications of the guarantee before signing.
- Do not sign the guarantee if you are not clear or uncomfortable with any of the clauses.
- Be cautious about giving a photocopy of your identity card or passport to anyone other than the financial institution.
- Check your CIBIL report and CIBIL TransUnion Score before guarantying the loan in order to assess you credit standing prior to taking additional responsibility.
- Ensure that you keep a track of the repayments and are aware of your liabilities in the event that variations are made to the terms and conditions of the loan.
(Harshala Chandorkar, Senior Vice President - Consumer Services and Communication, CIBIL)
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.