After five days of testimony, including three hours from Elon Musk, a Delaware judge will now decide whether Musk's $56 billion pay package from Tesla Inc was justified by the company's explosive growth or undermined by a flawed process.
Musk and the Tesla directors named as defendants repeatedly testified that the package achieved what it set out to do -- deliver 10-fold growth in the company's stock price, enriching investors and Musk.
"We thought if we could pull this off, if this plan was executed, Tesla would be one of the most valuable technology companies," Antonio Gracias, a Tesla board member from 2007 to 2021, told the Delaware Court of Chancery on Wednesday. "It was a great deal for the shareholders."
The trial seeks to resolve claims by shareholder Richard Tornetta that the 2018 pay package was dictated by Musk, the world's richest person, to subservient directors and approved by a vote of shareholders who were misled by Tesla.
The trial wrapped up on Friday, as Musk struggles to oversee a chaotic overhaul of Twitter Inc, which he was forced to buy for $44 billion in a separate legal battle before the same judge, Chancellor Kathaleen McCormick.
"My sense is that even though it went all the way to trial, a ruling is going to favor Mr. Musk," said Eric Talley, a professor at Columbia Law School who has followed the case.
It will be months before McCormick rules and her decision can be appealed to the Delaware Supreme Court.
During the week-long trial, directors said the pay package was meant to ensure Musk guided the electric vehicle maker through a critical phase when he could have focused on his rocket company SpaceX or tunneling venture The Boring Co.
Musk told the board he wanted a huge package to finance his dream of travel to Mars, or as he testified, to make "life multi-planetary in order to ensure the long-term survival of consciousness."
Musk described his efforts to push the company from the brink of failure in 2017 to exponential growth. "The amount of pain, no words can express," Musk testified on Wednesday.
Gracias recalled that Musk celebrated his birthday in a factory conference room with a grocery store cake. "This was all hands on deck, 24/7, brutal," he told the court.
The package allows Musk to buy 1% of Tesla's stock at a deep discount each time escalating performance and financial targets are met. Otherwise, Musk gets nothing.
Tesla has hit 11 of the 12 targets as its value ballooned briefly to more than $1 trillion from $50 billion.
Tornetta wants the plan rescinded and the stock granted under the plan returned to Tesla.
Much of the trial focused on the information provided to shareholders before they approved the plan. Tornetta's lawyers tried to show Tesla concealed that three targets of the package were likely to be quickly met.
The plaintiff portrayed the directors as personal friends or business partners of Musk, who was the link to their wealth.
The directors tried to show they could hold the line against Musk's demands. But evidence of extracting concessions was limited to the best method for accounting for the stock grants and a requirement that Musk had to hold his stock for five years.
"It wasn't a knock-down, drag-out affair," Todd Maron testified about the pay talks in 2017 when he was general counsel.
Talley said Musk is a unique CEO and his pay reflects that.
"He's like a Labrador retriever. He sees a ball and he runs after it. You could almost make an argument they didn't pay him enough because he ran off after Twitter."
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