This is the first time in the history of independent India that budget papers will not be printed, so as to minimize the possibility of social interaction and maintain social distancing norms. The paperless Budget, presented amid restrictions because of Covid, is also seen to be a push for Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Digital India' mission.
Nirmala Sitharaman had famously replaced the standard Budget briefcase of finance ministers with the traditional red "Bahi-Khata" or cloth ledger in 2019 and she had stayed with it last year.
The government is likely to focus on strengthening its flagship Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and providing further impetus to the 'Make in India' program so as to boost economic demand and stimulate growth, according to experts.
Expectations are high that the government will focus on infrastructure, healthcare, agriculture, rural economy and sectors impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown restrictions.
The country's gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 23.9 per cent in the first quarter of the financial year and according to the World Bank, the economy is estimated to contract by 9.6 per cent in fiscal year 2020-21, reflecting a sharp drop in household spending and private investment.
The World Bank, however, projected economic growth to recover to 5.4 per cent in 2021. The Finance Minister has raised hopes, going into the Budget event, by stating that it will "be a Budget like never before."
The government has already unveiled a slew of measures in the past 10 months, under the Aatma Nirbhar Bharat initiative, to support the faltering economy. Yet, concerns persist that the finance minister may impose a cess on corporate earnings to shore up the government's coffers.
From the markets point of view, the budget will be considered market-friendly if the government does not introduce a Covid cess and does not increase taxes such as Securities Transaction Tax and long-term capital gains tax.
Meanwhile, Ms Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Economic Survey 2020-21 in Parliament on Friday. The Economic Survey forecasted a "V-shaped" recovery for the Indian economy and real GDP growth of 11 per cent in 2021-22, on the back of the roll-out of a massive vaccination drive.
It highlighted that faced with unprecedented uncertainty at the onset of the pandemic, India focused on saving lives and livelihoods by taking short-term pain (of lockdown) for long-term gains.
Budget 2021: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will present the Budget in Parliament today, at a time when the country is facing a once-in-a-lifetime health crisis. Ms Sitharaman will have the unenviable task of managing the government's battered finances and ensuring a recovery in demand. This year's Budget will be unique as it will be paperless, in a significant break from tradition, due to the Covid 19 pandemic. The finance minister will use a tablet computer to deliver a paperless Budget address. It will be a 'Made in India' tablet computer, according to reports. The speech will be available as a soft copy online.