"Airlines are maintaining healthy load factors backed by low fares. But since oil prices are on an uptrend, impact on profitability in Q4 is inevitable as average ATF (aviation turbine fuel) price during the quarter are 37.9 per cent higher YoY, while the yields continue to remain under pressure," says an Icra report.
The fuel cost per ASKM increased to Rs 1.16 in January from a low of Rs 0.82 a year ago, and the same is expected to increase further in February and March, according to Icra.
Backed by competitive pricing, the industry reported a stellar passenger load factor of 84.4 per cent during the first 10 months of the year, which is also one of the best amongst the key markets in the world. The PLF stood at 88.3 per cent in January.
The aviation industry has reported YoY passenger traffic growth of 23.2 per cent during the first 10 months of the current financial year and is heading towards completing one of the best years in terms of passenger traffic growth, says the report.
The domestic passenger growth for last five years stood at 12.9 per cent, 5.3 per cent, 4.6 per cent, 15.5 per cent and 22.1 per cent, and the industry is likely to surpass the last year growth rate, making the domestic market the fastest growing in the world.
In January, traffic growth rose to a healthy 25.3 per cent while the international traffic growth was moderate at 8.8 per cent. For the full year till January, however, this is the highest in world with a 17.8 per cent growth in traffic.
The industry capacity, measured in available seat kilometres or ASKMs, reported 20.6 per cent YoY growth during the first 10 months of the year. Except Air Costa and Air Pegasus (which halted operations since August 2016), all the airlines reported capacity growth during the year.
IndiGo continued to enjoy the leadership position with a market share of 40.1 per cent in the first 10 months of fiscal year 2017. This is the fifth year of market leadership for the airline as well as the first airline to achieve 40 per cent market share in the past eight years.
While Jet Airways and Air India continue to concede market shares, new players Vistara and AirAsia have reported gradual expansion in their market shares to 2.7 per cent and 2.5 per cent respectively, during the first 10 months of the year.