The government will begin the auction for telecom spectrum today, through which it is hoping to meet Rs 40,000 crore revenue target.
The auction for the airwaves or frequencies, which were freed from the cancellation of 122 telecom licenses belonging to mainly eight companies by the Supreme Court in February, will start at 9 a.m. on Monday.
"We have taken quick decision, firm decisions in the telecom sector. The result of which is that we are in process of auction. 12th of November that auction will start," Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal said at an event on Saturday.
The cancelled permits included Uninor's 22 licences, Loop Telecom (21), Sistema Shyam (21), Idea Cellular including Spice Communications (13), Videocon (21), Etisalat DB formerly Swan Telecom (15), S-Tel (6) and Tata Teleservices (3 CDMA licences).
Instead of auctioning entire spectrum freed from cancellation of licences, the government is auctioning a maximum of 11 blocks of airwaves frequencies in each circle, barring Delhi and Mumbai where there are only eight blocks, to attract high price for spectrum.
The apex court had allowed the companies, whose permits were cancelled, to get spectrum reallocated for continuing their business, if they win rights for the airwaves frequencies in the auction.
The government has fixed starting price for spectrum in the auction at Rs 14,000 crore for 5 Mhz of GSM spectrum on pan-India level, which is around 7 times more than the price of Rs 1,658 crore at which telecom companies were given pan-India permits between 2001 to 2008.
Comptroller and Auditor General has estimated that allotment of permits in 2008 at 2001 prices caused loss to government exchequer to the tune of around Rs 1,76,000 crore.
Out of eight companies whose licences were cancelled, only three companies -- Idea Cellular, Videocon and Telenor (majority stakeholder in Uninor) -- have submitted bids for auction of airwaves frequencies.
These companies will have to win at least 5 Mhz of spectrum, divided in blocks of 1.25 Mhz each, to continue their services in areas where their licences were cancelled.
Telecom major Airtel and Vodafone are also participating in the auction to buy additional airwaves frequencies. These players can bid for maximum of two blocks in a telecom area.
Since there has been partial impact on permits of Idea Cellular, the company will need to bid for at least four blocks of spectrum, amounting to 5 Mhz of airwaves, in seven telecom circles to continue its operations.
These circles include Tamil Nadu (including Chennai), Kolkata, West Bengal, Orissa, Assam, North East and Jammu and Kashmir service areas. In rest of the circles, Idea Cellular, like Airtel and Vodafone, can only bid for maximum of 2 blocks.
Industry experts, however, are pessimistic over whether the auction can fetch government the Rs 40,000 crore target it seeks to achieve by selling spectrum.
"The government itself recognises that they are not going to get anywhere near Rs 40,000 crore, will be lucky if they get half of that amount, so we think that somewhere between Rs 19,000-20,000 crore might be the amount that the government will actually bring in," COAI director general Rajan S Mathews told PTI.
Bharti group Chairman Sunil Bharti Mittal has said that the auction will be over on first day. The last auction held by government of 3G and Wireless Broadband spectrum jointly took around 50 days to end.
Auction for another set of airwaves frequencies required for CDMA services has already failed after two applicants, Tata Teleservices and Videocon withdrew from it.
The government priced CDMA spectrum 1.3 times higher than GSM spectrum. This auction could have fetched government at least around Rs 13,000 crore.
Citing recommendations of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) to fix minimum price of CDMA spectrum at double the price of GSM spectrum, Mr Sibal said that the Empowered Group of Ministers' realised that there will be no taker for these airwaves at Rs 28,000 and hence it lowered it to 1.3 times instead of double price.
"If we go below Rs 18000 crore we go below Rs 16,000 crore then what will you say. Then you will say that you have again undersold, there is yet another scam. The minister is favouring somebody," Mr Sibal said.
SSTL, which run services under brand name of MTS, did not participate in the auction as it is waiting for the hearing of its curative petition before Supreme Court.
In the petition, the company has requested for reinstatement of licences as it has argued that it was allocated spectrum for which there was no demand.
The company, which did not participate in auction, maintains that it will continue its operations in India.
"Absolutely we will continue. We are putting all focus and hopes towards the legal route and we hope the Supreme Court to consider our curative petition," SSTL President and CEO Vsevolod Rozanov said.
According to the industry body COAI, given the reserve price, the quantum of spectrum that is being put up and the overall structure, it is not going to be a very successful auction, said Mr Mathews.
"We don't expect the auction to meet any of the objectives that the government has set, so overall if you use that as the criteria, clearly it's not a very successful auction," he said.
At the end of the auction, companies will have the option to pay either full amount of 33 per cent of final price by December 25.
The final auction price will then determine the amount that government will get from one-time levy on spectrum held by existing operators beyond 4.4 Mhz.
The government expects to garner Rs 31,000 crore from this one-time levy throughout the validity period of existing licences. The major portion of the estimates include price calculation based on reserve price.
The bid details, including the highest bid value, will be disclosed at the end of each day till the completion of the e-auction, DoT had said.
However, the name of the bidder will not be revealed.
The operators will be allowed to bid only through four IP addresses pre-registered with the Department of Telecom (DoT).
The auction will remain closed on gazetted holidays and on Sundays.