"It had a 45 degree tilt and a bang was heard as it passed over Cyprus," said Ioannis Fakas, the honorary chairman of the Cyprus astronomical society.
People living in the mountainous Troodos range reported green-white glows in the sky at around one in the morning, then large blasts, police said.
Parts of the meteorite were thought to have fallen into the sea north of Cyprus, Fakas told state TV.
"It wouldn't have weighed any more than a few kilos," he said. "When it crossed Cyprus it exploded," he told the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.