The search giant and the non-profit Chelsea Improvement Co are making Internet access available outdoors in Chelsea, which is home to Google's New York offices and several technology start-ups.
The neighborhood is also home to many students, as well as residents of one of the city's public housing developments.
Google does not plan to extend the program, a company spokesman said on Tuesday.
The company also provides free Internet access to the city of Mountain View, California, where its main campus is located.
New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and U.S. Senator Charles Schumer helped unveil the initiative.