Today's print edition of Berlingske, available online on Wednesday night, showed several past front pages from the French magazine.
Such images provoked angry reactions from some when originally published by Charlie Hebdo, and footage of the Wednesday killings at the magazine's offices showed gunmen shouting "we have avenged the Prophet Mohammad".
Berlingske's Editor-in-Chief Lisbeth Knudsen said her newspaper's action in republishing the cartoons was not a protest.
"We will print them as documentation of what kind of a magazine it was that has been hit by this terrible event," Knudsen told news agency BNB.
The Managing Editor of Corriere della Sera, Italy's leading newspaper, said in a video editorial on Wednesday that his daily would also republish Charlie Hebdo's cartoons.
When another Danish newspaper, Jyllands-Posten, in 2005 published 12 cartoons by various artists, most of which depicted the Prophet Mohammad, it sparked a wave of protests across the world in which at least 50 died.
The media group JP/Politikens Hus, which controls Jyllands-Posten, stepped up security after the attack in Paris on Wednesday.