YSR Congress MP from Nellore Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy today announced his resignation from Parliament in protest of the "unilateral" decision on division of Andhra Pradesh, saying the country is on the boil due to Congress' move on separate statehood issue.
Watch Do smaller states make sense? Video on NDTV.com. After dithering for years the UPA government made up its mind to grant statehood to Telangana. While reorganisation, birth of new states have been a major emotive issue in India, the birth of Telangana was preceded by violence, threats, days of shutdown and a lot of political calculations behind closed doors.
While the Congress deals with tough questions on the fallout of the Telangana split, regional leaders justify the increased pitch for separate of Gorkhaland and Bodoland states. With Pandora's box finally open, the Congress' Telangana gambit promises to bring about sweeping changes to India's political landscape.
Speaking to reporters in Telugu, the TRS leader suggested that all government employees belonging to the coastal and southern districts of Andhra Pradesh who have illegally taken jobs that belong to Telangana people, must go back to the region they belong to.
Soon after the Congress Working Committee announced a new Telangana state, K Chandrasekhar Rao, chief of the Telangana Rashtriya Samiti or TRS had said earnestly, "Andhra people need not worry. They will be safe, they are our brothers...We will cooperate with them."
Only four days later, KCR as he is known, has made a controversial statement at odds with that sentiment.
Speaking to reporters in Telugu, the TRS leader suggested that all government employees belonging to the coastal and southern districts of Andhra Pradesh must go back to their regions, which will soon be part of a separate state after 10 districts are taken out to create Telangana.
In a major embarrassment to the Cong leadership, seven MPs from Andhra Pradesh have resigned in protest statehood for Telangana.
Six Lok Sabha members and one MP fom the Rajya Sabha submitted their resignation letters to the Secretary Generals of the respective Houses of Parliament today.
The ruling Congress party's struggle to contain a mass resignation spree after its announcement of a separate Telangana state has shifted from Andhra Pradesh to New Delhi. Four Central ministers including Union Human Resource Development Minister Pallam Raju and Minister of State for Commerce Purandeswari have threatened to resign to protest the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. They will meet the Prime Minister and Congress president Sonia Gandhi later today.
Fresh Trouble however seems to be brewing in Delhi. Some MPs say they would meet in Parliament at 11 am to finalise their action plan.
Reports say four central ministers and 10 MPs may resign today.
- Of the 19 ministers meeting with Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy, some have resigned.
- The chief minster called Digvijaya Singh, Congress General Secretary incharge of Andhra Pradesh. Mrs Singh also spoke to the ministers over phone.
- 26 Congress MLAs reportedly submitted their resignation at the Speaker's chambers.
- 14 TDP MLAs also claimed to have resigned to get justice for Seemandhra.
In addition to this, there is a meeting on at Rajya Sabha MP KVP Ramachandra Rao's house where three union ministers - JD Seelam, D Purandeswari, K Krupa Rani, Pallam Raju - are present. MPs L Rajgopal, Bapi Raju, Sai Pratap, Arun kumar, Anant Venkatram and Harsh Kumar are attending the meet.
The meeting was called by the MPs to ostensibly discuss the future course of action as there is lot of pressure from their constituents.
- It is a tricky situation and we'll have to work around this.
- Can't say there was broad consensus in Andhra Pradesh on Telangana.
- We'll have to go though with implementation soon, demand for a separate state of Telangana was on of the oldest demands.
- Bill on Telangana unlikely in the Monsoon session.
14 ministers in Andhra Pradesh have threatened to resign this evening, according to sources, to protest against the bifurcation of the state.
Under pressure from the people to force a rethink on a new Telangana state, Congress leaders from the coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions, will gather today both in Delhi and in Hyderabad, to discuss whether more of them should resign.
Congress president Sonia Gandhi has asked Telangana leaders to maintain "restraint, brotherhood and cordial relations" with people of Andhra and Rayalaseema regions as the process started for creation of a separate state.
Hours before the Congress announced that Telangana will be India's 29th state, Sonia Gandhi met a group of legislators and MPs from Andhra Pradesh who are against bifurcating the state and informed them that there was no going back on the decision this time.
Telugu Desam Party (TDP) chief N Chandrababu Naidu today urged the centre to develop a city at par with Hyderabad as the capital of Andhra Pradesh following the formation of separate Telangana state.
Six party MLAs have also quit. There is a bandh in the entire coastal belt and in the southern region of Rayalaseema today. Protests have escalated in areas like Vijayawada and Tirupati.
The Andhra Pradesh Congress faces the threat of a split. Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy told his ministers today that the decision was "painful" for him too.
In Vijaywada, huge protests are being held against the decision to carve out a new Telangana state
In its formula to carve out a new Telangana state from Andhra Pradesh, the ruling Congress has suggested that Hyderabad will serve as a shared capital for the two states for 10 years, after which it will be a part of Telangana.
Telangana: A day after the Congress decided to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh and carve out Telangana as a separate state, the United Andhra Joint Action Committee has called for a bandh in protest. In coastal and southern regions of the state, government run buses are off the roads and schools and business establishments are closed.
In the first fallout of the announcement of a separate Telangana state, senior Congress Lok Sabha member from Guntur, Rayapati Sambasiva Rao, said he has decided to resign from the party as well as his parliamentary seat in protest.
- BJP had backed Telangana even before 2009 when the announcement was made.
- If the Centre had not delayed the decision, several lives would not have been lost in agitations.
- People who died fighting for Telangana would have lived to see the state.
- Congress delayed the decision for its own politics.
- Now we demand that the government sets up a state reorganization committee to look at all demands of smaller states, analyse the viability and other elements to meet the demand.
The Congress Working Committee's resolution asking the Centre to create India's 29th state, Telangana, came after a series of meetings held through the day by top Congress leaders to propitiate those in the party - mainly from the Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions - who are opposed to the decision to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh for the new state.
- Today's announcement ends a chapter in the history of Andhra Pradesh, which was formed November 1, 1956 with the merger of Telangana (then known as Hyderabad State) with Andhra State.
- Andhra Pradesh will become India's first non-Hindi-speaking linguistic state to be divided. Carved out of Madras State in 1953, it was the first state to be formed on linguistic basis.
- Andhra Pradesh was India's fifth most populous state, with a population of 84.6 million. Spread over 275,000 square km, it ranked fourth among Indian states in terms of geographical area.
- Telangana will have a population of 35.38 million and an area of 1.14 lakh square km.
- During the 'Jai Telangana' movement in 1969, over 300 people, mostly students, were killed in police firing.
- With this, the central government has fulfilled its December 9, 2009 announcement to initiate the process for forming Telangana state. The statement followed an 11-day hunger strike by TRS chief K Chandrasekhara Rao and massive protests that engulfed the region.
The Government should bring the Bill for creation of separate state of Telangana in the coming session of Parliament.- Sushma Swaraj (@SushmaSwarajbjp) July 30, 2013
Creation of Telangana- the struggle and the road ahead
Dear Brothers and Sisters from all regions of Andhra Pradesh,
Namaskaram! I am looking forward to interacting with all of you on 11th August at the Nava Bharath Yuva Bheri Public Rally in Hyderabad.
During the public meeting at Hyderabad, I was hoping to share my thoughts on the issue of statehood for Telangana as well as on all of your concerns on a roadmap for all the regions of Andhra Pradesh.
However, in the wake of the sequence of events, the Congress Party has done in the last few days what it shied away from doing in the last 9 years- to work overtime on a decision over Telangana. It is an undisputable fact that Congress Party has neither been consistent nor transparent in its conduct over the creation of a Telangana state. Thus, a Party and a Government that has betrayed the people on the issue of Telangana time and again can hardly be trusted on this issue this time around.
It is equally true that the BJP has been forthcoming and transparent in its support for statehood to Telangana.
The BJP is the only party with the strongest record on the creation of small states. It maybe recalled that it was the NDA Government under the leadership of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee that created three new states of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand (then known as Uttaranchal) and Jharkhand in 2000 thus giving a new ray of hope to the aspirations of the people in these areas.
Friends, the same Congress party that won in 2004 on the promise of Telangana has played cynical games with the aspirations and sentiments of the people for nine long years. Now, at a time when there are only a few months left before the people of this country vote again, the Congress Party is rushing to announce Telangana. This raises serious concerns on the seriousness and intentions of the Congress.
After winning handsomely in Andhra Pradesh under the leadership of Dr. YS Rajashekhara Reddy in 2004 and 2009, the Congress has turned its back on this state since the former Chief Minister died. In December 2009, the then Home Minister Shri P Chidambaram announced the commencement of the process for statehood to Telangana only to be withdrawn hastily. The Congress party then sought to buy time by creating another committee on the question of Telangana. But, it remained indifferent to the collapse in administration, political violence and the unfortunate specter of suicides by youngsters of Telangana. Meanwhile, governance came to a standstill in Andhra Pradesh.
While we welcome any forward movement on the issue of Telangana, we yet again ask how real is the intent of the Congress and the UPA Government this time around.
I would like to pose the following questions to the Congress party leadership and the UPA Government.
Question 1 - Where is your homework in terms of creating consensus in your own party, within the Government and within all political parties on the issue of Telangana when you have been speaking in so many divergent voices ?
Question 2 - Unlike capital cities that became shared capitals by virtue of being on the border between two states, Hyderabad becomes a shared capital despite being located well within Telangana. Thus, this does not justify the logic of sharing a capital albeit for a short duration. This leaves scope for operational difficulties.
Thus, how practical is it for a state to have a capital that does not lie neither within its boundaries nor along its borders?
Question 3 - What constructive measures have you taken to prepare the minds of the people of Andhra Pradesh and Rayalseema to welcome this decision on Telangana? What assurances have you provided to them so as to assuage their anxieties and to take them on board? Where is your "political roadmap" to creating this consensus among the people, all we have here is a "technical process" ?
Question 4 - What commitments are you prepared to make to the people of Telangana, who have already suffered severe trauma over your many betrayals, that you will not take them for a ride one more time?
Question 5 - Many youngsters of Telangana have committed suicide. Hyderabad as an investment destination has suffered, the state of Andhra Pradesh has slipped. The state once considered the rice bowl of India has seen agricultural slides making it a state with high farmer suicides.
It is indeed ironical that the Congress Party has sought to hide itself behind committees, reports and futile deliberations instead of courageously facing the people of Andhra Pradesh. Neither the Congress President nor the Congress Vice President have set foot into Andhra Pradesh in recent years, despite the fact that Andhra Pradesh sent the highest MPs for the Congress both in 2004 and 2009. Will the Congress leadership not apologize to the people of Andhra Pradesh for treating them like doormats to suit the Congress' political opportunism?
BJP's Principles for a Meaningful Roadmap to all Regions of Andhra Pradesh
- We stand by our commitment to statehood for Telangana. We however believe that the Roadmap should be such that it is a win-win solution to all the people of all regions. Statehood for one region should not be viewed as coming at the expense of another region.
- We believe that this is an Opportunity for us to develop all the other major Cities of Andhra Pradesh across all regions so Vishakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Guntur, Warangal, Karimnagar and Ongole, Anantpur Kurnool and Kadapa etc. all stand to gain.
- We respect the Constitution that Protects the Rights of all Citizens. The BJP will take every step to protect persons, families, businesses and assets of all the people of Andhra Pradesh living across regions irrespective where their roots may lie.
- We are committed to reviving the economy of all the regions of Andhra Pradesh. Law and Order, Political Stability and a Dynamic Policy Regime will be our priorities. BJP will ensure that the benefits of River Water will reach all regions and water resources sharing will be fair, just and equitable.
- We are committed to restoring Trust and Confidence once again of all regions There shall be no more cynical political games and no more betrayals.
- We are committed to preserving the shared Telugu cultural heritage of all regions that shall in no way be affected by what is merely an administrative boundary. Telugu Culture and Pride shall remain boundary-less.
This may be the first time a state formed on Linguistic basis is being proposed to be divided. It is an emotional moment.
Even at this time as the state is being divided, to respect the popular sentiment we bow our heads in respect to martyrs like the late Shri Potti Sreeramulu who sacrificed their lives for the creation of Andhra Pradesh. Inspired by their memory we commit ourselves to work for the progress of all Telugu people in each of these regions.
- Bill needs to be passed. It is a victory of the people.
- My message to all the brothers of Andhra Pradesh: There is no need to worry. We will be together.
- On merger with Congress: Too early to say.
- Nothing is cast in stone, it is an ongoing process.
- Can't take a big leap, it has to be an incremental process - first step was to declare Telangana.
- Some see it as glass half-empty, others as half-full.
- Hyderabad as a joint-capital is not acceptable to anyone in Telangana.
- We have seen the example of Chandigarh as a joint capital.
- We would have welcomed the decision if Hyderabad was a transitory capital
- We would have accepted if they'd utilised the infrastructure of Hyderabad and built a capital in 2-3 years.
- It was very difficult decision. It was pending for a long time. Demand was there for last 40-50 years.
- A decision had to be taken either way. UPA has fulfilled its commitment to people of Andhra Pradesh.
- The stipulated period required for formation of a state will be adhered to, won't be extended.Doesn't matter if Andhra Pradesh Assembly does not endorse this decision as its resolution is not binding on Government of India.
- Can't allow the remaining part of Andhra Pradesh to be left in a lurch, there has to be a common capital till a new one can be formed.
- TRS has repeatedly said they will merge with Congress if we give them Telangana. We are waiting for their response.
- These decisions are not taken due to political reasons. We had to bite the bullet, we bit the bullet.
- There is no quid pro quo. These matters are based on national interest not politics.
The government has given its nod to the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh becoming India's 29th state.
This is the process that will be followed to create the new state:
- The decision to carve out Telangana will be referred to the Andhra Pradesh legislature for a resolution.
- The Union Home Ministry will then refer the proposal to the cabinet, which will appoint a group of ministers to address concerns of the three regions - Telangana, Seemandhra and Rayalaseema - on sharing water, land, electricity and revenue.
- The ministerial panel will then ask the Law Ministry to draft legislation, which will be sent to the Andhra Pradesh assembly and the Home Ministry for comments.
- The Bill cleared by the Cabinet will go to the President, who will forward it to Parliament.
- Both Houses of Parliament will have to then pass legislation by simple majority for the creation of a separate state. After the President's assent to the Bill, Telangana will come into being.
Approximate time to be taken
Resolution for creation of new State
____ State Legislature is to pass a Resolution that a separate State of ______ be formed.
Preparation of Cabinet Note
MHA submits a Cabinet Note for creation of ________ on the basis of the proposal received from the State Government.
After approval by the Cabinet in-principle proposal for creation of ________ a group of Ministers comprising Ministers of Home Affairs, Finance, Education, Health, Irrigation, Power, Environment & Forests, Railways, HRD, Chemicals & Fertilizers, Food & Consumer Affairs, Labour and Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission will go into the economic issues on creation of the new State.
Cabinet Note with Reorganisation Bill & Recommendations of GoMs
Cabinet Note will be finalized after receiving the recommendations/suggestions of the GoMs for seeking Cabinet approval.
MHA submits the Cabinet Note indicating recommendations ofthe GoM's and requesting the Cabinet to:
(i) to approve the __________ State Bill
(ii) to recommend the President to refer the Bill to the Legislature of __________ State;
(iii) Ministry of Finance to appoint an expert Committee to recommend measures for smooth transition in terms of financial management and viability of the reorganised States, ie______ and _______
(iv) in view of the normative economic factors that would operate in the remaining State of _________ consequent upon formation of a new State of ___________, a Dedicated Unit may be set up in the Planning Commission to deal exclusively with the ________ State under the direct charge of the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission. The Unit will, inter alia, ensure that, with the help of better financial management and adequate devolution of funds from the Centre, multifaceted development of the region takes place, especially with respect to core infrastructure.
President's Recommendations for referring the Bill to State Legislature
MHA's note through HM and PM requests President to refer the Bill to the legislature of _____ State.
Leg. Assembly & council consideration of the Bill.
Legislative Assembly as well as the Legislative Council of the State to consider the Bill and give their views.
30 days (if the House in session)
M/o Law vet the Bill
Cabinet Note with recommendations incorporated in draft Reorganisation Bill &is sent to the M/o Law for vetting.
Cabinet note with draft reorgaanisation bill vetted by M/o Law and Justice sent to cabinet for approval.
Notice for introduction of the Bill
Notice for introduction of the Reorganisation Bill will be given to LokSabha/RajyaSabha
Bill to be passed by a simple majority.
After being passed by both the Houses of Parliament, Bill sent to President for his assent.
- All problems of Seemandhra will be kept in mind when we draft the legislation.
- In Hyderabad, there is adequate arrangement for both states to run their affairs for next 10 years.
- Govt of India will now refer the issue to state assembly for appropriate resolution.
- Passage of resolution in state assembly is not binding on the Government of India.
- State Assembly has to accept or reject it - there is no other alternative.
- Telangana's case can't be compared to other states - it has a long history. It was mentioned in the 1st states re-organisation commission.
- Decision not taken due to political expediency.
- This has no connection with elections.
- It was difficult decision. Either way a decision had to be taken.
- TRS had said that once Telangana
is formed they will merge their party will Congress.
A meeting of CWC presided by Sonia Gandhi was attended by PM, Rahul Gandhi amongst other.
Hyderabad will be the common capital of both states for 10 years after the formation of Telangana.
We're swallowing poison for our party. The decision is very unfortunate but since our leader has taken the decision (we'll abide by it). We know the consequences, the problems that will follow.
The decision was unanimously cleared this evening, first by the different members of the prime minister's coalition, and then by the Congress's most senior decision-making agency, its Working Committee.
- Students burn tires block road outside Sri Venkateswara University.
- Students oppose carving out Telengana from Andhra Pradesh.
- Students oppose moves to make Hyderabad capital of Telangana.
Congress Working Committee meeting underway.
- Ultimately it will come before the Cabinet; once Cabinet approves, it will go to Parliament.
- Most parties - including the main Opposition party, the BJP - support the decision to create Telangana, so there should be no problem.
- Most small states like Jharkhand and Chattisgarh are doing well - a demand for a smaller state needs to be administratively viable.
- Can understand the unhappiness or uneasiness of the people in Andhra.
- Don't think it has political angle, Congress and UPA may have setback in Andhra - legitimate aspiration for years has to be respected.
Congress sees major gains after Telangana talk. Congress finishes on top wins 4,342 sarpanch posts, TDP wins 4,275. Jagan Mohan Reddy's party comes in a distant third.
The Congress Working Committee meeting is expected to begin soon where the decision to create a separate state of Telangana will be endorsed.
There has been a unanimous decision to create Telangana at the UPA meet.
Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy leaves for 7 RCR. He is expected to meet PM and Sonia Gandhi after the UPA coordination meeting is over.
Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy will meet this evening with the PM and party president Sonia Gandhi. He has reportedly been persuaded not to resign in protest against the Congress's decision.
Before seeing him, Mrs Gandhi and the PM are meeting their allies who participate in the government to share the blueprint of the new state. Then, the Congress's top decision-making body, the Working Committee, will formally endorse the decision taken on Friday by Mrs Gandhi to grant statehood to Telangana.
Sonia Gandhi and top UPA ministers Sushil Kumar Shinde, P Chidambaram and Kamal Nath arrive at 7 RCR.
- Congress and the UPA government has to ensure there are no more divisions.
- Demand for smaller states will grow
"Will see, am meeting with PM", Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister to NDTV when asked if he is reconciled to statehood for Telangana
- 62 per cent of the state's revenue comes from the Telangana region. In 2011-12, Rs 40,000-crore revenue came from the Telangana region while the Seemandhra region contributed Rs 13,100 crore.
- Also, 20 per cent of the government employees and 10 per cent of secretariat employees are from the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh.
- 69 per cent catchment area of two of the major rivers of the state - Krishna and Godavari - lies in the Telangana region. However, the region has held the Chief Minister's position for 10 years, while Seemandhra for 42 years
TRS leader KT Rama Rao has also warned that the option of including two districts from the Rayalaseema region in the new Telangana state, which the Congress leadership is said to be weighing, is not acceptable to his party.
With a decision on the Telangana issue imminent, Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde today said the situation in Andhra Pradesh is peaceful.
Key Congress leaders including Digvijaya Singh, Sushil Kumar Shinde, P Chidambaram, Ahmad Patel and Ghulam Nabi Azad are meeting at Sonia Gandhi's residence
- People are agitated about their emotions and sentiments.
- Opinion had been gathered and I think it is a matter of time.
- I think the news (Andhra Pradesh CM's resignation) has been completely distorted. He is a very obedient soldier of the Congress.
Dangerous thing to make new states based on agitations. I am not in favor, does not set a good precedent.
This evening, the government is likely to announce that the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh will become India's 29th state.
If that happens, this is the process that will be followed to create the new state:
- The actual formation of the state is expected to be completed by early next year.
- The cabinet will share its plans with President Pranab Mukherjee and the Andhra Pradesh legislature will be asked for insights.
- The PM will then set up a committee to negotiate consensus between the leaders from the three regions of the state for issues like how to share revenue and water.
- Both Houses of Parliament will have to then pass the resolution for the creation of a separate state.
The five-decade struggle for a Telangana state was forced onto the contemporary national agenda in 2009 by the Telangana Rashtra Samithi or TRS, headed by K Chandrasekhara Rao. He fasted for 10 days, triggering huge rallies of support.
In response, in December 2009, in a surprise announcement, the Centre said it was sanctioning statehood. But within days, the government backtracked as violent protests erupted in the other two regions-Coastal Andhra Pradesh and Rayalaseema.
We'll analyse the proposal which Congress will send now and only then we will give our opinion on it. A decision will be taken after taking everyone's views into consideration. It will be in the interests of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Our party has always been a votary of smaller states. We have reiterated this earlier too but all the parties should be taken into confidence and efforts are being made to do that.
The Congress-led UPA government is expected to formally announce a decision to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh and create a new state of Telangana today.
- People here want 10 districts of Telangana with Hyderabad as capital
Sam Daniel's report from Tirupati:
- Tirupati is a part of the Rayalaseema region and here there is a sense that the people are completely against carving out Telangana
- People think if Hyderabad is gone, they'll struggle for everything - education, development and there will be cultural problems
- Hyderabad as common captial not acceptable
- Hardly any paramilitary forces on the ground
- No celebrations yet, students muted
- "Congress has taken u-turn in the past, so we have our own apprehensions. Until the bill is passed in Parliament, we cannot trust Congress," said a student
- Other students hope they will get jobs and be able to utilise the resources
Maya Sharma's ground report from Vijayawada:
- Things are quite, but security forces are present
- More forces sent by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to Andhra Pradesh
- People convinced that the announcement will be made today
- Vijayawada in the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh, which was traditionally against the formation of Telangana
THE PROCESS FOR FORMATION OF THE NEW STATE
The actual formation of the state is expected to be completed by early next year. The cabinet will share its plans with President Pranab Mukherjee and the Andhra Pradesh legislature will be asked for insights.
The PM will then set up a committee to negotiate consensus between the leaders from the three regions of the state for issues like how to share revenue and water.
Both Houses of Parliament will have to then pass the resolution for the creation of a separate state.
- The UPA, Congress Core Group and party's Working Committee meetings are scheduled between 4-5:30 pm today to discuss Telangana
- The hub of the meetings will be the Prime Minister's residence
- Congress president Sonia Gandhi, party vice-president Rahul and senior Congress leaders will attend the meetings
- The who's who of Telangana are also camping in Delhi
Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy and the pro-Telangana MPs are headed towards the national capital. Anticipating protests on the ground, additional forces have been rushed to the state.
The government is expected to announce today that it will proceed to create a new state of Telangana. In the two other regions of Andhra Pradesh - coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema, protests against the bifurcation are intensifying.