The court issued notice to the Bollywood superstar and to the police based on a complaint that the cops faked documents and evidence to help Mr Khan in a hit-and-run case.
The complaint was filed by lawyer-activist Abha Singh.
In 2002, the actor's SUV ran over five people - one person died and four others were injured. The case is still being tried.
Charges against the actor include rash and negligent driving.