A Delhi court has also asked the government to issue summons to more than 10 companies who have said they are head-quartered abroad, like Facebook, YouTube and Yahoo. The executives of all 21 companies have been ordered to appear in court on March 13. They may face criminal charges.
Google and Facebook have appealed against the lower court's proceedings in the Delhi High Court, which will consider the matter on Monday.
Internet companies say they cannot develop a method to monitor defamatory or obscene material that's been posted on their sites. "No human interference is possible, and moreover, it can't be feasible to check such incidents. Billions of people across the globe post their articles on the website." That met with an angry response from the Delhi High Court yesterday, which said, "You just have a stringent check. Otherwise, like China, we may pass orders banning all such web sites."
The case centres on a petition filed in December by a journalist named Vinay Rai, who referred to obscene depictions online of Jesus Christ, the Prophet Mohammed, and various Hindu deities. In response, a Delhi magistrate summoned the executives of 21 companies and suggested they face trial for criminal conspiracy. The magistrate had said, "It appears from a bare perusal of the documents that the accused, in connivance with each other and other unknown persons, are selling, publicly exhibiting and have put into circulation obscene, lascivious content". (Watch: Why I have taken Google, Facebook to court)
Speaking to NDTV today, Mr Rai said, "It was this court that had considered this issue important. This court had sent summons to the concerned parties. Our hope for justice continues." Explaining why he took companies like Facebook and Google to court, he added, "I have spoken to all religious leaders in this case and even all political party leaders. I asked them if they considered the content we have as valid. They said, 'you can cast aspersions on leaders personally but such comments on leaders in public can cause riots'. Why should we allow this?"